Running a DOT-compliant drug and alcohol testing program doesn’t have to be complicated. Here are the answers to some of the most frequently asked questions we hear at MoralStone Drug Screening.

What do employees need to take with them to the testing facility?

At a minimum, employees must bring a state issued photo ID, such as a driver’s license, to the collection facility. Though not required, employers may also want to provide the necessary Custody and Control Form (CCF) for their employee drug tests.

What’s to keep an individual from substituting urine from someone else during the urine collection process?

Keep in mind that your drug testing program is primarily one of deterrence, although, it has a significant detection result. As a part of the collection process, there are several safeguards in place to help prevent a substitution from going undetected. The urine specimen must be within a specific temperature range (90° to 100° F). If the urine collected is outside that temperature range, a directly observed collection is conducted to ensure that the urine comes directly from the donor’s body.

Can an individual add something to his urine specimen that will hide his drug use and produce a negative test result?

Many people believe they can produce a negative test result by adulterating their urine specimen. However, such efforts to produce a negative test result are generally revealed in validity testing conducted by laboratories.

What is a Custody and Control Form?

A Custody and Control Form, often called a CCF, is a five-part carbon copy form used to document the information pertaining to a drug test. It is also referred to as a Chain of Custody form.

My driver is on the road, but doesn’t have a CCF. Can you please give me the name of a collection facility in that city?

If the driver has been selected for random testing, you may want to wait for him or her to return to your area so that he or she can get a CCF. When a driver does not bring a CCF to the collection site, the chance of a glitch in the testing process is greatly increased. However, remember that your driver must complete the random selection within the current testing period (quarter).

Where can I get an Alcohol Testing Form for employee alcohol tests?

Collection sites keep the required Alcohol Testing Forms (ATFs) on hand, therefore, employees do not need to bring an ATF to a collection site. Employees should, however, bring Custody and Control Forms (CCFs) to collection sites for drug tests.

When is Post-Accident testing required under FMCSA?

Any fatality (except for the driver) Citation for moving violation and disabling damage to any involved vehicle.
Citation for moving violation and medical treatment away from the scene.
My driver was just in an accident. The incident didn’t meet the DOT requirements, but I want to do a drug and alcohol test as a precaution.

We strongly advise against performing any DOT Post-Accident drug or alcohol testing unless DOT criteria are met. However, if your policy clearly states that you require Post-Accident drug and alcohol testing for any accident or incident, you would conduct the testing using a Non-Federal custody and control form and a Non-Federal alcohol testing form.

If an employer fails to conduct a FMCSA post-accident test within two hours what must be done?

When required, post-accident tests must be conducted as soon as practicable. If a test is not administered within two hours, the employer must prepare and maintain a file stating the reasons why a test was not promptly conducted. The employer must also continue to attempt to administer a post-accident alcohol test for up to eight hours and the post-accident controlled substances test for up to 32 hours after an incident.

May a blood alcohol test conducted by Federal, state, or local authorities be used by an employer for post-accident testing?

Yes. If you are able to obtain a blood alcohol test result from the authorities, you may use it to satisfy your post-accident testing requirements. Often, it is easier for employers to administer their own tests.

May an employer use a blood drug test for a Post-Accident drug test result?

No, FMCSA requires a urine test to detect the use of controlled substances.